Organ Donation: What You Need To Know Before You Proceed
Organ transplantation is a field of medicine that replaces organs that do not work in humans. Organ donors can be dead or living people.
People generally aren’t suitable for organ donation unless their organs are failing or have failed.
How Does Organ Failure Happen?
Organ failure is when an organ in the human body cannot perform its metabolic functions. This will start affecting other organs in the body and is fatal.
Organs stop working due to injuries, illnesses, and harmful habits.
Organs That Can Be Transplanted
– The heart
How Does Organ Transplant Work?
Basically, in an organ transplant doctors will have to take an organ from someone else and implant it in your body. The organ can come from both a living or a dead person.
If a living person is donating an organ, there should not be any risks on them. And as for the organs from dead people,
They must have registered as organ donors before passing away.
Organ Transplant Waiting Lists
The waiting lists in organ transplants are some of the biggest obstacles in the field. In order to join the waiting lists, you will have to speak with your doctor first. After deciding together on the center in which you wish to have an organ transplant, call the hospital and book an appointment.
Before being confirmed for organ transplant, your transplant team will have to run several evaluations on your case. And during this stage many factors come to play, for instance your medical history, your current health state, and other relevant elements.
There is actually no standard process for evaluation. Every hospital and country adopts a different criteria. Contact Park International to learn about our evaluation criteria in Turkey.
If you get accepted, you move to the waiting list.
The Matching Process
To match organs between organ donors and patients waiting for a transplant depends on several factors. These factors tend to be mutual among all organs for the most part. Some variations can exist, contact our professionals at Park International to find out more.
It is very important to ensure matching between donor and recipient. Otherwise, serious even fatal complications can arise.
Criteria for matching:
* Blood type
* Body size/weight
* Your medical condition and how serious it is.
* Distance between the hospitals for the donor and the recipient.
* The patient’s waiting time
* Whether the patient is available. If you are for example, in a critical medical state, have current infections or general not stable enough to handle the surgery, your case maybe postponed.
It is important to note that these factors can be ignored in some cases, or critical in other cases.
For example, not all organs have the same out-of-body tolerance rates. This means that in some situations, the distance between the hospitals where the donor and the recipients are is very important.
Therefore, while it’s not always necessary in all cases, the distance between the hospitals becomes a deciding factor.
What To Expect After Donor Transplants
You will need to always monitor your health and the state of your organs.
So, follow up with your doctor periodically for many years to ensure everything is progressing according to plan.
Laboratory tests will become a regular part of your of your life as a donor recipient.
Your doctor and transplant team will explain the purpose of these tests and you will have to commit to the instructions your doctor will provide.
It is better to discuss this with your transplant team before commencing with the surgery. They will explain to you all your would expect after organ transplant.
Some tests might be done in other locations, some in your local hospital. But in any case, make sure you clear this up before proceeding.
Rejection After Organ Transplant
The immune system typically operates to defend the body against foreign objects. So is the case with a new donor.
If the body perceives the new organ as a foreign object, it will react in a hostile manner.
There are technically two types of rejection reactions that can be expected fr the body.
The first is acute rejections and the second is chronic rejections. Acute rejections happen almost immediately. Whereas chronic rejection happens over a period of time until the organ fails.
For This reason, immunosuppressants are a major part of the post-op care. These medications reduce the abilities of the immune system in order to protect the new organ.
But this has its downsides. A weaker immune systems means a less vigilant reaction towards microbes and harmful organisms.
Therefore, and because your health may be at risk gives the inability of your immune system to fight infections efficiently.
That is why you will have to put some more effort into maintaining your health. Following a healthy lifestyle is very important. And always seek professional help once symptoms of an infection rise.
Contact Park International
For inquiries on organ transplant please contact us.